this one's for you!
By Charles W. Brewster
Editors Note: C.W. Brewster was a Portsmouth columnist in the mid-1800's. This article includes his opinions and may not reflect current research or current values.
Tythingmen of Portsmouth--Names of Inhabitants in 1678 -- Designation of Neighborhoods.
A VIEW of the municipal police, of the names of the inhabitants, and the neighborhoods in which they were located in 1678, cannot be better presented than in the appointment of Tythingmen, in that year, whose duty it was to look after the good morals of their neighbors. It appears that special Tythingmen had the charge of every individual or family, excepting that of the minister--who probably was a sort of supervisor of the Tythingmen.
At a town meeting held on the 22d of March, 1678, it was voted "that the selectmen at the next meeting appoint some honest men to inspect their
neighbors, as the law directs, for preventing drunkenness and disorder."
On the third of June, 1678, it was voted by the selectmen--"In pursuance of an additional law of the General Court, made on the 23d of May, 1677, touching the prevention of the profanation of the Lord's day, enjoyning the selectmen to appoint Tythingmen to inspect ten or twelve of their neighbors' families, the selectmen do nominate and appoynt the persons here undernamed to perform that service:
Names of Inhabitants
Mr. Wallis, for famylies of|
Mr. Hen. Sherburne, James Rendle, Jno. Odiorne, Tho. Seavey, Mr. Tucker, Wm. Seavey, Robert Purrington, Sergt. Moses, Fardi Hoof, Tho. Creler, Joseph Walker, Hugh Leare, Robt. Lange, Goodm. Lucomb, Edw. Bickford, And. Sampson, John Bowman, Sa. Harris, Ric. Shortridge, Mark Hunking, Goodm. Goss
Jno. Light, for|
Wm. Cotten, Leo. Drowne, Wm. Richards, Mr. Comins, Ano. Ellens, Sam'l Whidden, Neh. Partridge, Jno. Preston, Sam. Rawlins, Hen. Herke, Peter Glanfield
James Leech, for|
Wido. Johnson, Jno. Lock, Geo. Walton, Sen'r, Jno. Menseene, Sam. Robey, Wid. Joanes, Jno. Clarke, Math. Estes, Geo. Harris, Arth. Head, Mr. Jordan, Wm. Haskins
Sergt. Brewster, for|
Tob. Leare, Sergt. Sloper, Xtoph'r Noble, Jno. Peverly, Jno. Westbrooke, Jno. Hoomes, Jno. Sherburne, Hen. Savage, Wm. Brooking
Jno. Dennett, for|
Wm. Earle, Jno. Cotten, Wm. Rackley, Sam. Clarke, Math. Nelson, Geo. Hunt, Jno. Place, Jno. Dennett, Rich. Jackson, Wm. Ham
John Lewis, for|
James Paine, Jos. Messeet, Aron Ferris, Steven Webster, Tho. Joanes, Tho. Westcote, Sen'r Mrs. Taprell, Wid. West, Geo. Walton, Jun'r, Jno. Abbott, Rich'd Palmer, Wm. Row, Ed. Rendle.
Docter Fletcher, for|
Mr. Jno. Cutt, Sen'r, Mrs. El. Cutt, Lt. Vaughan, Mrs. Cowell, Mr. Tho. Harvey, Jno. Cutt, Jun'r, Jno. Tucker, Mr. Martin, Mr. Shipway, Clem't Merserve
Tho. Jackson, for|
John Jackson, Peter Ball, Rich. Dore, Nath'l White, Rich. Manson, Dan Duggin, Wm. Walker, Jam. Jones, Jno. Whidden, Jno. Banfield, Tho. Stevens, Jno. Picker, Ant. Row, Wid. Cate
Rich. Rogers, John Kettle, James Robeason, Henry Russell, Edw. Beale, Fran. Tucker, Wm. Lux, Edw. Cranch, Silo. Herbert, Hump Spencer, Mr. Nath. Fryer
Phineas Ryder, for|
Waymon Bickton, Tho. Parker, Dorm. Oshaw, Jno Turbet
George Bramhall, for|
Mr. Ladbrooke, John Pickerin, Rich. Webber, John Partridge, Rich. Waterhouse and rest of famylies on the island.
Sam'l Kaise, for|
Mr. Monday, Capt. Daniel, Jno. Seaward, Mr. Mercer and rest yr., Ben. Hull, Caleb Beck, Jno. Hunking, Mrs. Joce.
Phineas Ryder, for|
Geo. Jaffrey, Mr. Rich. Stileman, Rich. Abbett, Steven of Graffum, Tho. Paine, Wm. Lucas, Capt. Elias Stileman
Lt. Neale, for all the famylies at Greenland.
Ens. Drake, for all the famylies at Sandy Beach.
Greenland & Sandy Beach
In the Constables' rates made in Dec. 1688, we find the following names given as the residents of Sandy-Beach and Greenland. Some of these are known to have been residents at and in the vicinity of Portsmouth Plains; it is therefore evident that Greenland, in that document, includes the western part of Portsmouth, Greenland and Newington. Sandy Beach was then the name of Rye.
John Foss, Sen'r
John Foss, Jun'r
John Brewster, Sen'r
John Brewster, Jun'r
John Johnson, Jun'r
John Hill, Jun'r
John Sherburn, Sen'r
John Sherburn, Jun'r
John Westbrook, Sen'r
John Westbrook, Jun'r
Sen'r William Wallis
John Sherburn, seaman
John Sloper, Jun'r
Any one acquainted with the family owners of the farms on the road from Rye Beach to Great Bay, may see for a considerable distance, almost in the order of their names, the places where the sons are now occupying the lands held by their fathers more than one hundred and seventy years ago.
Text scanned courtesy of The Brewster Family Network
Copy of Rambles courtesy Peter E. Randall
History Hypertext project by SeacoastNH.com
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